Vol. 6 No. 01 (2023)
Original Article

A Comprehensive Analysis of Complementary Feeding Practices in Children Under 2 Years with Severe Acute Malnutrition

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Tarak Nath Kundu
Upazila Health and Family Planning Officer, Shibganj Upazila Health Complex, Bogura, Bangladesh
Ahsan Kabir
Upazila Health and Family Planning Officer, Sadar Upazila Health Complex, Netrokona, Bangladesh
Farzana Azma Azad
Medical Officer, 250 Bed General Hospital, Manikganj, Bangladesh
SM Moniruzzaman
Junior Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, Sreenagar Upazila Health Complex, Munshiganj, Bangladesh
Mohammad Farid Khan
Junior Consultant, Department of Paediatrics, 250-Bed General Hospital, Manikganj, Bangladesh
Nazneen Akhter Banu
Ex-Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Sir Salimullah Medical Collage & Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Abstract

Introduction: Malnutrition is a global public health issue that affects individuals of all age groups, particularly those who are poor and vulnerable. In developing countries, over 50% of preventable deaths among children under five are attributed to malnutrition. Inappropriate feeding practices are a significant contributor to malnutrition and its associated morbidity and mortality. Aim of the study: The study aimed to comprehensively analyze the feeding patterns of severely acutely malnourished children under the age of two. Methods and materials: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted at the Department of Pediatrics, Sir Salmimullah Medical College & Mitford Hospital (SSMC & MH) in Dhaka over 6 months, from October 2013 to March 2014. The study population consisted of 60 individuals. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews with the mothers of the children immediately after registration. The collected data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version-23.0. Results: The results showed that over 90% of the children were severely wasted, 18.3% were severely stunted, and 16.7% had bipedal edema. The majority of children had complications such as anemia, edema, dehydration, pneumonia, and gastrointestinal issues. There was no statistical significant link was observed between the pattern of complementary food consumption and the different types of malnutrition (p=0.141).Conclusion: The study concludes that there are significant concerns regarding complementary feeding practices in children with severe acute malnutrition. Exclusive breastfeeding rates for the first six months are low, and there is a high prevalence of poor-quality complementary foods.

Published 28-11-2023

Keywords

  • Feeding,
  • Practices,
  • Children,
  • Under,
  • Severe Acute Malnutrition,
  • Comprehensive Analysis
  • ...More
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How to Cite

1.
Kundu TN, Kabir A, Azad FA, Moniruzzaman S, Khan MF, Banu NA. A Comprehensive Analysis of Complementary Feeding Practices in Children Under 2 Years with Severe Acute Malnutrition. The Insight [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 28 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];6(01):27-36. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/insight/article/view/333