Vol. 6 No. 01 (2023)
Original Article

Comparative Status of Refractive Errors between Male and Female School Going Children

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Rishad Mahzabeen
Associate Professor, Department of Community Medicine, Ibrahim Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Md Bazlul Bari Bhuiyan
Associate Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammed Monir Hossain
Assistant Professor, National Institute of Ophthalmology, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Shahnaz Begum
Associate Professor
Khatune Jannat
Registrar, Department of Ophthalmology, Holy Family Red Crescent Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Abstract

Background: Refractive errors like myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism can affect a child's academics and well-being. Investigating their occurrence in male and female schoolchildren is vital for equitable eye care and educational policies, sparking interest in pediatric ophthalmology and public health. Aim of the study: This study aimed to compare the refractive errors between male and female school-going children. Methods and Materials: This observational study took place at Narsingdi Eye Care & Research Centre in Bangladesh from January 2018 to December 2020. It involved 1978 schoolchildren who received detailed eye evaluations and best-corrected visual acuity assessments. Purposive sampling was used, and data analysis was conducted using MS Office tools. Results: Among the total participants (N=1978), in males (n=823), myopia was present in 72.1% of cases, while hypermetropia and astigmatism affected 6.7% and 28.7% of individuals, respectively. For females (n=1155), myopia remained prevalent, affecting 75.2% of participants, while hypermetropia and astigmatism contributed to 5.6% and 28.9% of cases, respectively. These findings highlighted the higher prevalence of myopia in both genders, with slightly more occurrence in females. Conclusion: The findings emphasize a higher prevalence of myopia in both male and female school-going children, with a slightly more pronounced occurrence in females. Additionally, hypermetropia and astigmatism, while less common, displayed consistent distribution patterns across both genders.

Published 28-11-2023

Keywords

  • Refractive errors,
  • School-going children,
  • Male,
  • Female,
  • Myopia,
  • Amblyopia
  • ...More
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How to Cite

1.
Mahzabeen R, Bhuiyan MBB, Hossain MM, Begum S, Jannat K. Comparative Status of Refractive Errors between Male and Female School Going Children . The Insight [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 28 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];6(01):21-6. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/insight/article/view/332