Vol. 3 No. 01 (2020)
Original Article

Pattern of infantile skin problems in a tertiary care hospital

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Rahat Bin Habib
Assistant Professor (Pediatrics), Sayed Nazrul Islam Medical College, Keshorgonj, Bangladesh. Professor of Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Ad Din Medical Collage & Hospital, Dhaka
A. R. M. Luthful Kabir
Professor of Paediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Sir Salimullah Medical College and Mitford Hospital, Dhaka
Md. Abdur Rouf
Assistant Professor (Neonatology), Sheikh Sayera Khatun Medical Collage, Gopalganj
Md. Kamrul Ahsan Khan
Assistant Director, MCH-Services Unit, Directorate General of Family Planning, Dhaka
Md. Faizur Rahman
Associate Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Child and Mother Helath (ICMH), Dhaka
Md. Nazmul Hossain
Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, SSMC and Mitford Hospital, Dhaka
Md. Anisur Rahman
Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Institute of Child and Mother Health (ICMH), Dhaka
Mohammad Rezaul Haque
Associate Professor and in charge of Neonatology, Institute of Child and Mother Health (ICMH), Dhaka

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Abstract

Introduction: Skin diseases are a major health problem in children, which is associated with significant  morbidity. Its prevalence ranges from 21% to 37% in various parts of Bangladesh in school-based study.  The present study was conducted to know the prevalence and pattern of infantile skin problems. Materials  and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted OPD in a tertiary care hospital in Dhaka between July 2014 to June 2015. A total of 212 children between 0 to 12 months were examined for diseases of the skin and socio-demography. Data were coded and analyzed through SPSS 26 version. Results: There were 75 female infants (35%) and 137 male infants (65%). Seborrheic dermatitis was more common problem and nearly half (47.5%) of all infants and remaining half was other six skin conditions. In case of gender variation both sexes suffered mostly from seborrheic dermatitis. However, more females (n-8) suffered from dermatophyte infection and impetigo than male (n-4). Total 11 types of occupations were identified. Among them most common (29%) was private service and business was the 2nd common father’s occupation. Fathers living in abroad were 12%. Prevalence of seborrheic dermatitis was less (9%), whose parents were educated more than 12 years and prevalence was more (40.5%) who were educated less
than 12 years (X2 -8.74, df-2, P-0.05). Conclusion: Findings of present study indicates a shift in prevalence of skin diseases from infectious to noninfectious one. A multicenter study with large sample is required to investigate whether this trend is common in Bangladesh.

Published 22-09-2021

Keywords

  • Pattern,
  • Infants,
  • Skin problems

How to Cite

1.
Habib RB, Kabir ARML, Rouf MA, Khan MKA, Rahman MF, Hossain MN, Rahman MA, Haque MR, Rahman M. Pattern of infantile skin problems in a tertiary care hospital . The Insight [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 22 [cited 2023 Feb. 4];3(01):5. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/insight/article/view/68