Vol. 6 No. 01 (2023)
Original Article

Stroke in the Young Adults and Its Risk Factors — A Case-control Study

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Muhammad Salah Uddin
Associate Professor, Department of Neurology, Chittagong Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh
Nayana Nazir
Dialysis Medical Officer (DMO), Department of Nephrology, Chittagong Medical College, Chattogram, Bangladesh
Abu Jafar Md. Shahidul Hoq
Associate Professor, Department of Skin &VD, Mugda Medical College , Mugda, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mohammad Mostafizur Rahman
Associate Professor and Head of ICU, Department of Anesthesiology and ICU, Shaheed Monsur Ali Medical College Hospital,Uttara, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Abstract

Introduction: Stroke is a complex pathological condition that results in brain impairment across many age groups.  In the past, stroke was predominantly considered a condition affecting older individuals but now it has revealed the occurrence of several stroke subtypes among young adults. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of stroke among the young adults and its risk factors. Method: This case-control study was conducted at the department of Neurology during January, 2021 to December, 2021 in Cox Bazar Medical College Hospital, Chattrogram, Bangladesh. Results: The mean age of the case group (n=58) was 23.31±2.01 years and 77.58% were male, 22.41% were female while in the control group (n=42), the mean age was 23.02±2.27 years and 50% were male and 50% were female. In the case group, .87.93% patients smoked, 93.10% had hypertension, 94.82% had diabetes, 13.79% had vasculitis, 20.68% had SLE, and 27.58% had cardiac arrhythmia while in the control group, 50% patients  smoked, 69.04% had hypertension, 54.76% had diabetes, 2.38% had vasculitis, 4.76% had SLE, and 0% had cardiac arrhythmia(p<0.05)%)except vasculitis. The case group had 93.10% grey-white matter distinction and 87.93% CT hypodensity while no alteration was observed in the control group’s brain CT images(p=0.000). Conclusion: This study investigated that hemiplegia, slurring speech, blurring of vision, and headache are the major clinical presentations of the stroke in the young adults and smoking, hypertension, diabetes, SLE, and cardiac arrhythmia are the significant risk factors of occurring stroke in the young adults.

Published 28-11-2023

Keywords

  • Stroke,
  • young,
  • adults,
  • clinical,
  • presentation,
  • risk factors,
  • CT scan
  • ...More
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How to Cite

1.
Uddin MS, Nazir N, Hoq AJMS, Rahman MM. Stroke in the Young Adults and Its Risk Factors — A Case-control Study . The Insight [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];6(01):292-300. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/insight/article/view/364