Determine the Risk Factors for Pre-Term Birth and Fetomaternal Outcome
Introduction: Preterm birth is a major cost of perinatal mortality and long-term disability. Preterm is defined as one where labour starts before 37 completed weeks (259 days) counting from the first day of the last menstrual period. It can be associated with a stressful life situation, factors like multiple pregnancies are the major cost of preterm birth. Medical reasons like high blood pressure, pre-eclampsia maternal diabetes, asthma, thyroid diseases and heart disease increase the risk of preterm birth. Also, the consumption of tobacco, cocaine, and alcohol during pregnancy is the cost of preterm birth. Aim of the study: The study aimed to determine the risk, factors for pre-term birth and fetomaternal outcome. Methods: it study is to determine the risk
factor of preterm birth and fetomaternal outcome. Result: Most of the mother’s (61,61.0%) ages ranged from twenty-one to thirty. The majority of the mothers (62,62%) had multipara. Fifty-one mothers (51,51%) had a normal vaginal delivery & forty-nine
mothers (49,49.0%) underwent caesarean section. Infection was the most prevalent maternal complication, present in fifty-three mothers (53,53.0%). Urinary tract infection (UTI) (30,30.0%) had the second highest prevalence. More than half of the neonates’
(52.0%) birth weight belonged to 1600-2400gm. Among the ninety-nine neonates born alive in the present study, thirty-five neonates (35,35.0%) had respiratory distress syndrome, and thirty-three neonates had (33.33.0%) sepsis. Neonatal death was 61%, and the most common cause of neonatal death was septicemia. Conclusion: The study is for preterm birth risk factors and fetomaternal outcomes. Maximum patients of preterm birth were from the lower middle socioeconomic position.
- premature birth,
- preterm birth,
- preterm labour,
- risk factor,
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