Vol. 7 No. 01 (2023)
Original Article

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Preeclampsia Among Pregnant Women

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Luna Farhana Hoque
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahabuddin Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Aklima Zakaria Zinan
Resident surgeon, Bangladesh Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka Bangladesh
Suraiya Apsara
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahabuddin Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Abstract

Introduction: Globally, preeclampsia stands as a primary contributor to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This hypertensive disorder typically manifests after 20 weeks of gestation and exhibits a higher prevalence in low and middle-income nations. Aim of the study: This study aimed to assess the prevalence and risk factors of preeclampsia among pregnant women. Methods and materials: This hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dhaka Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2021 to December 2021. As the study subjects, a total of 77 pregnant women who delivered at the gestational age of 28 weeks and above were enrolled by using a purposive sampling technique. For data analysis, SPSS version 23.0 was applied. Results: In this study, a notable 24.7% frequency of preeclampsia was observed among the participants. In the analysis of risk factors, family history of high blood pressure, household smoking, gravity >2, and serum calcium level (mg/dl) lower than normal were identified as statistically significant predictive factors. The P-values for these factors were found to be <0.001, 0.001, 0.002, and <0.001 respectively, in Odds ratio calculations and/or Student’s T-tests. Conclusion: Approximately one-fourth of pregnant women in Bangladesh face the risk of developing preeclampsia. The potential contributors to these cases include a family history of high blood pressure and household smoking.

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Published 10-02-2024

Keywords

  • Preeclampsia,
  • Pregnant women,
  • Antenatal care,
  • ANC,
  • Gestational age,
  • High blood pressure
  • ...More
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How to Cite

1.
Hoque LF, Zinan AZ, Apsara S. Prevalence and Risk Factors of Preeclampsia Among Pregnant Women. Planet (Barisal) [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 10 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];7(01):172-9. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/planet/article/view/419