Vol. 7 No. 01 (2023)
Original Article

Socioeconomic and Nutritional Status of Mother Affecting Neonatal Outcome — A Cross Sectional Study in Shaheed Suhrawardi Medical College and Hospital

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Marmarin Hamid Rawli
Registrar, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Enam Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Meherdad Yousuf Ahmed
Registrar, Bangladesh Shishu Hospital & Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Mushrefa Chowdhury
Assistant Professor (CC), Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, US-Bangla Medical College and Hospital, Narayangonj, Bangladesh
Rehana Parvin Ruma
MD (Radiology & Imaging), Medical Officer, Sylhet MAG Osmani Medical College, Sylhet, Bangladesh
Tania Akbar
Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Enam Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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Abstract

Introduction: Nutrition plays a major role in maternal and child health. During pregnancy, it is essential that the mother’s diet contains adequate nutrients and energy at each stage to allow proper fetal growth and to maintain her own health. Objective: To find out if the socioeconomic and nutritional status of mother had any effects on neonatal outcome. Methods & materials: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out among 80 mothers fulfilling the inclusive criteria, were included in study admitted under the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology during the study period of January, 2018 to June, 2018. Results:  Among 80 cases, 35 (43.75%) patients were in between 31-35 years. Average 1878.10±360.82 kcals were taken by mothers which was contributed by carbohydrates 192.08±41.89 gm, protein 45.11±12.87 gm and fat 42.11±12.22 gm. Average weight gaining by the mothers during their 1st, 2nd and 3rd trimester which was found to be 0.9 ± 0.8 kg, 4.1± 0.9 kg and 4.7±01.1 kg respectively. Maximum number (61,76.25%) of babies were born in between >37-41 wks. Fifty-nine babies had APGAR score >7 at 1min and 55 babies had APGAR score > 7 at 5 min. Conclusion: Maternal Hb level, BMI and parity were associated with neonatal outcome. Hence, in order to reduce the adverse pregnancy outcomes awareness should be created among pregnant women and women of child bearing age about the factors that can improve the nutritional status of the women prior to conception and during pregnancy.

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Published 10-02-2024

Keywords

  • Nutrition,
  • Socioeconomic status,
  • Neonatal outcome,
  • Maternal Hb level

How to Cite

1.
Rawli MH, Ahmed MY, Chowdhury M, Ruma RP, Akbar T. Socioeconomic and Nutritional Status of Mother Affecting Neonatal Outcome — A Cross Sectional Study in Shaheed Suhrawardi Medical College and Hospital. Planet (Barisal) [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 10 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];7(01):431-8. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/planet/article/view/447