Vol. 7 No. 01 (2023)
Original Article

Demographic and Clinical Profile of Patients with Colorectal Polyp — An Observational Study

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Mashrufa Rahman
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Monno Medical College and Hospital, Manikganj, Bangladesh
Bilkis Akhter
Assistant Professor, Department of Pathology, Dhaka Central International Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Harun Ur Rashid
Lecturer, Department of Pathology, Shahid Tajuddin Ahmad Medical College, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Tanzila Afroze Aditi
Lecturer, Department of Pathology, Sir Salimullah Medical College Mitford Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Zahir Sajib
Lecturer, Department of Pathology, Sher-E-Bangla Medical College, Barishal, Bangladesh
Sanjida Nur-E Jannat
Lecturer, Department of Pathology, Monno Medical College and Hospital, Manikganj, Bangladesh

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Abstract

Inteoduction: Colorectal polyps are common findings during routine colonoscopies. Colorectal polyps represent a significant risk factor for the development of colorectal carcinoma. Comprehensive knowledge of the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with these polyps is essential for effective management and the prevention of colorectal cancer. Aim of the study: This study aimed to investigate the demographic and clinical profile of patients with colorectal polyps. Methods and materials: This cross-sectional observational study was conducted at the Department of Pathology, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from March 2021 to February 2023. A total of 71 histopathologically diagnosed cases of colorectal polyp were purposively enrolled as study subjects. Data collection utilized a semi-structured, pre-designed questionnaire, and MS Office tools were employed for data analysis. Results: In this study with 71 patients, the median age was 50.0 years, and 56.3% were male. Colorectal polyps were histopathologically analyzed, revealing 43.7% adenomatous, 21.12% hyperplastic, and 19.7% juvenile polyps. Most cases (87.3%) had no significant associated diseases, with 7.0% diagnosed with Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). Polyp sizes were <1.0 cm in 54.9% and ≥1 cm in 45.1%. Single polyps were observed in 56.3%, while 43.7% had multiple polyps. Among the patients, 56.3% had pedunculated, 23.9% irregular, and 19.7% sessile polyps. Conclusion: Colorectal polyps predominantly affect middle-aged individuals, with a slight male predominance. The most common histopathological types include adenomatous, hyperplastic, and juvenile polyps. Among these cases, pedunculated shapes and single polyps are the prevailing characteristics.

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Published 10-02-2024

Keywords

  • Demographic,
  • Clinical profile,
  • Colorectal polyp,
  • Adenomatous,
  • Hyperplastic,
  • Cancer
  • ...More
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How to Cite

1.
Rahman M, Akhter B, Rashid HU, Aditi TA, Sajib Z, Jannat SN-E. Demographic and Clinical Profile of Patients with Colorectal Polyp — An Observational Study. Planet (Barisal) [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 10 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];7(01):132-7. Available from: https://bdjournals.org/index.php/planet/article/view/414